Employment And Labour Relations Act 2004 Pdf

employment and labour relations act 2004 pdf

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Labour law also known as labor law or employment law mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee , employer and union.

There is an intense debate on the impact of labour regulation in India today. This paper examines the joint effects of Employment Protection Legislation EPL and variable enforcement intensity on the growth in a size of temporary contract workers in the organised manufacturing sector. It uses the state level amendments to Industrial Dispute Act of , and the average size of total number of labour inspectors for each state, as independent variables to capture the variation in labour regulations and enforcement intensity across thirty-one Indian states for the period — This paper argues that, average Indian firms located in strict EPL states hire differentially more temporary contract workers as compare to regular workers in response to variable enforcement intensity. Among other findings, the empirical analysis shows that firms prefer to employ excessive number of contract workers to circumvent firing and overall compliance costs of regular workers as stipulated by the Indian labour laws.


As the COVID pandemic continues to spread across the world, one of the biggest challenges for businesses has undoubtedly been its response regarding employees. In a recent circular, the Association of Tanzanian Employers ATE advised on a few measures that could be taken by employers in response to the ongoing crisis. Among other things, the ATE Circular provided as follows:. The ATE Circular also flagged that under Tanzanian law the concept of unpaid leave has not been developed. Therefore, any discussions of unpaid leave will have to be conducted bilaterally between the employer and the employee. It is likely that during the pandemic employers may be faced with a lot of questions. Below are some pertinent issues that may arise during this period with respect to employment matters.

COVID-19 Tanzania: Employment update

R66, G. GoN R, G. Act 55 of GoN , G. R83, G. R3, G. R61, G. R36, G.

Industrial Relations deal primarily with the relationship between employers and the workers. Employment laws and practices in Samoa, through legislations and regulations set by government, cover issues such as minimum wage, terms and conditions of employment, leave entitlements and dismissal to name a few. All workers and employers in the private sector including government corporations and state owned enterprises are covered under the abovementioned legislations and regulations. Workers and employers under the Public Service Act are not covered or exempted. The Working Conditions and Relations team regulate labour laws in Samoa to ensure employers and workers are afforded certain rights, as well as requiring both parties to fulfil their lawful obligations.

What are the maximum ordinary working hours in a day that one is allowed to work under the law? The maximum ordinary working hours that an employee is allowed under the law to work is forty five 45 hours meaning nine 9 hours a day. The nine hours are exclusive of the one hour daily lunch break. The lunch break is to be provided after five hours continuous working time. Lunch break is unpaid time and is the employee's own time because they are not paid for lunch breaks. Any hour s in excess of the forty five hours must be compensated as overtime hours. It is also prohibited for an employee to work more than twelve hours in a day.

Terminal Benefits

The Labour Relations Act aims to promote economic development, social justice, labour peace and democracy in the workplace. Joining Organisations. In the past trade unions struggled to secure organizational rights such as permission to enter a workplace or conduct union meetings there. This was a major hamstring for trade unions as this right is essential for building the capacity of trade unions to enable them to bargain more effectively.

Working Hours

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Terminal Benefits

All other laws are subject to it. It establishes essential rights in labour law i. It provides for core labour rights, basic employment standards, framework for collective bargain, for prevention and settlement of disputes and other related matters. It is supported by subsidiary regulations i.

How are different types of worker distinguished? The Labour Act, which prescribes the minimum terms and conditions of employment, is limited in its scope as it applies only to Workers. The terms and conditions of employment of Non-Workers are primarily subject to the terms of their respective contracts of employment. If not, do employees have to be provided with specific information in writing? Although the Labour Act recognises that an employment contract could be oral or written, express or implied, section 7 of the Labour Act requires every employer to issue a written contract to the employee within three months of the commencement of the employment relationship.

Download article in PDF. Labour law in Tanzania is generally employee friendly and very procedurally specific. An error in procedure followed can result in a seemingly well-intentioned action being overturned by the relevant authorities, resulting in untold financial burdens on your Company. One area where a procedural error can be onerous on a company is during the process of retrenchment. Retrenchment is the termination of an employee, employees or group of employees due to an operational requirement. The law in Tanzania allows an employer to retrench on the following grounds:.

Tanzania: Employment & Labour Laws and Regulations 2020


Delmar B.


Terminal Benefits are final entitlements of an employee upon termination of an employment contract.