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Download Free PDF. The Essence of Soft Skills. Balaram Bora. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Aim of such programs is that the students should be able to [ Motivation is what pushes us to achieve our goals, feel more fulfilled and improve overall quality of life. Daniel Goleman, the author of several seminal books on Emotional Intelligence, identified four elements that make up motivation: i Personal drive to achieve, the desire to improve or to meet certain standards; ii Commitment to personal or organisational goals; iii Initiative, which he defined as "readiness to act on opportunities"; and iv Optimism, the ability to keep going and pursue goals in the face of setbacks.
There are many advantages to self-motivation. People who are self-motivated, for example, tend to be more organised, have good time management skills and more self-esteem and confidence. There are two main types of motivation: "intrinsic" and "extrinsic" motivation. Intrinsic: To perform an action or task based on the expected or perceived satisfaction of performing the action or task.
Intrinsic motivators include having fun, being interested and personal challenge. Extrinsic: To perform an action or task in order to attain some sort of reward, including money, power and good marks or grades.
We all have a tendency to work better when we love what we are doing. It"s easier to get out of bed Alongside strategic thinking go organising and action planning, both essential for delivery of your vision and strategy, and risk management to help you avoid things going wrong, and manage when they do.
Leaders also need to be able to make good decisions in support of their strategy delivery. Along the way to achieving their vision a leader will come upon many problems. Effective problem solving is therefore another key One of the first skills that new leaders need to master is how to delegate.
This is a difficult skill for many people but, done well, delegation can give team members responsibility and a taste of leadership themselves, and help them to remain motivated. Leaders also need to know how to give others their views on personal performance in a way that will be constructive rather than destructive, and also hear others" opinions of them.
Leaders then need tools to help them understand the way that others behave, and create positive interactions.
Finally, leaders have to be able to work well in group situation. However, leaders spend much of their time in one particular group situation, meetings, so they need to have particular skill in chairing and managing meetings. However, they can be developed and improved over time. These qualities include charisma, that quality of "brightness" which makes people want to follow a leader, assertiveness, which enables that person to Groups can also be sub-divided in two ways:Groups established to carry out specific tasks are known as task-based groups, such as a pressure groups.
Groups which are based on the experiences of their members are known as experience-based groups, such as a self-help group. The distinction between task-based groups and experience-based As a result student realize that punctuality, goal management, collaborative team skills, and listening skills, are important facets of a wellrounded personality. Self-awareness programs enhance the students" personality. These soft skills are enormously valued in business organizations. As employment conditions become tougher, potential recruiters look for personal attributes like attitude and values.
Feedback is given to the students later for a realistic understanding of industry expectations. It covers the following areas: and critical thinking skills. The literature providing evidence regarding the rela tive relevance of various soft skills is vast. Howeve r, identifying a consensus regarding the order of relevance among soft skills in order to postula te hypothesis is difficult.
The reason is that no unified framework regarding terminology and d efinition of soft skills exists. Furthermore, there is no consensus on which soft skills need to b e included. In order to summarize the existing literature providing empirical evidence regarding a broad set of soft skills,Table1 displays papers which deem a particular soft sk ill to be among the most relevant soft skills.
T his allows to create a very crude ranking of so ft skills in accordance to the number of papers which identify the soft skill as one of the most relev ant soft skills. Decisions can be made through either an intuitive or reasoned process or a combination of the two. Intuition is using your "gut feeling" about possible courses of action and is a combination of past experience and your personal values.
Reasoning is using the facts and figures in front of you to make decisions but it ignore emotional aspects to the decision. An effective decision-making process, therefore, needs to ensure that you are able to do so. There are a number of problems that can prevent effective decisionmaking. These include: 1. Not Enough Information or making a decision without any basis, these issues can be overcome by using a structured decision-making process. This will help to: Reduce more complicated decisions down to simpler steps, See how any decisions are arrived at; and Plan decision making to meet deadlines.
Many different techniques of decision making have been developed, ranging from simple rules of thumb, to extremely complex procedures.
The method used depends on the nature of the decision to be made and how complex it is. The decision making process steps are : 1. They don"t need close supervision and they are good to work with because they are generally positive about life and can be counted upon to keep going.
It also helps to work on your personal resilience and adaptability to change. With a positive attitude, problems can become opportunities and learning experiences, and a leader can gain much information from a problem addressed. Leaders also need to be very organised on a personal level, and able to manage themselves and their time, so that they can spend as organising their time and their teams, leaders need to spend a bit of time on themselves, and particularly on their self-motivation.
A leader who lacks self-motivation will struggle to motivate others, as people are quick to detect a lack of sincerity. The ability to lead effectively is based on a number of key skills. These skills are highly sought after by employers as they involve dealing with people in such a way as to motivate, enthuse and build respect. After all, without followers, there are no leaders. Leaders need skills in working with others on a one-to-one and group basis, and a range of tools in their armoury to deal with a wide range of situations.
Task-Based or Content Groups: These types of group focus on the achievement of specific goals and the individual members of the group work towards completing these goals like design of a new product.
Experience-Based or Process Groups: These types of group focus on the individual group members and how they interact, support and grow together, an example would be a group established to support people suffering from stress. Group Communication: When people are part of a group they interact and communicate in different ways to how they would on a one-to-one basis. Also, within a group situation, people often learn about who they are and their strengths and weaknesses through comparison with other group members.
Groups are important to personal development as they can provide support and encouragement to help individuals to make changes in behaviour and attitude. Some groups also provide a setting to explore and discuss personal issues. These skills can be developed within a group setting and then effectively used in individual situations.
As group membership can Creativity and problem-solving skills are highly valued because they are hard to develop. There are many people who believe that creative thinkers are born, not made, and there are certainly some people who find these skills much easier. Although at first glance, creative thinking techniques may sometimes look a bit ridiculous, there are good principles behind most of them. However sceptical you may be about their potential, it"s a good idea to approach them with an open mind.
You may be surprised by the results. Interpersonal relationships fail and businesses fail because of poor problem solving. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines a problem as:"A doubtful or difficult matter requiring a solution" and "Something hard to understand or accomplish or deal with. Stages of Problem Solving: Effective problem solving usually involves working through a number of steps or stages, such as those outlined below.
Table 1 :1Identification of specific soft skills as most important competence :Soft Skill Literature Valued by employers for many reasons, being able to make decisions is key to getting on in life. Sometimes the actual decision doesn"t even matter;what matters is that you have made one and moved on. People with strong communication skills can build relationships from the initial building rapport through to a longer-term relationship , listen well, and vary their communication to suit the circumstances.
Being able to communicate effectively is the most important of all life skills. Communication is simply the act of transferring information from one place to another, whether this be vocally using voice , written using printed or digital media such as books, magazines, websites or emails , visually using logos, maps, charts or graphs or non-verbally using body language, gestures and the tone and pitch of voice.
How well this information can be transmitted and received is a measure of how good our communication skills are. The ability to communicate information accurately, clearly and as intended, is a vital life skill and something that should not be overlooked.
Professionally, if you are applying for jobs or looking for a promotion with your current employer, you will almost certainly need to demonstrate good communication skills. A Categorisation of Barriers to Communication: i Language Barriers: Language and linguistic ability may act as a barrier to communication. This problem will arise when stress, anger, low self-esteem, shyness is there. Research shows that this is particularly important when we"re under stress. It"s much easier to cope with stress and long hours if we generally enjoy the work.
When thinking about what motivates you to perform a certain task, think about both intrinsic and extrinsic motivatorsif you have trouble getting motivated to perform specific tasks it may be useful to write them down and list the motivators for each. Skills Involved in Self-Motivation: There are a number of skills involved in self-motivation. These include: Setting high but realistic goals, Taking the right level of risk, Seeking constant feedback to work out how to improve, Being committed to personal or organisational goals and going the "extra mile" to achieve them, Actively seeking out opportunities and seizing them when they occur, Being able to deal with setbacks and continue to pursue goals despite obstacles, Keep Motivated.
Leadership roles are all around us, not just in a work environment. They can be applied to any situation where you are required to take the lead, professionally, socially and at home in family settings. Ideally, leaders become leaders because they have credibility, and because people want to follow them.
Many people also wonder if leadership can really be taught. People with vested interests academics and those offering leadership training or literature of some sort are convinced that it can. Many successful leaders, however, have never had any formal training.
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In job descriptions, employers often ask for a combination of hard and soft skills. Hard skills are related to specific technical knowledge and training while soft skills are personality traits such as leadership, communication or time management. Both types of skills are necessary to successfully perform and advance in most jobs. Hard Skills 1. Bilingual or multilingual 2.
Developing your interpersonal skills enhances your success both personally and professionally. Interpersonal skills are the soft skills that a project manager must have to be effective on the project. These complement your technical skills, enhance your job performance and social interactions, and work hard to give you an edge over others. When I first meet someone, a. I wait for the other person to introduce themselves. Interpersonal skills are often referred to as social intelligence.
Home Signin. Login To Your Account. Ramaswamy PS 1. This discussion thread is old and is closed for new comments. If you want to continue this discussion or have a follow up question, please post a new thread. Add the url of this thread if you want to cite this discussion. Subject List: effective communication skills City-India-Hyderabad training programs training material soft skills soft skills ppt case study training resources soft skill effective communication communication skills communication skill Country-India.
Why Are Communication Skills Important? Soft skills are increasingly becoming the hard skills for today's youth. While your technical skills may get your foot in the.
The ability to communicate effectively with superiors, colleagues, and staff is essential, no matter what industry you work in. Workers in the digital age must know how to effectively convey and receive messages in person as well as via phone, email, and social media. These communication skills will help you get hired, land promotions, and be a success throughout your career. Want to stand out from the competition? These are some of the top communication skills that recruiters and hiring managers want to see in your resume and cover letter.
Provides participants the opportunity to learn to communicate effectively both verbally and non-verbally. They cover a variety of scenarios where communication and cooperation are essential. Business experts use well-honed communication skills to prepare their pitch for a deal, handle objections, and settle negotiations. However, in reality, communication involves a very complex set of skills, as complex as those necessary for driving a car or reading a map.
Social etiquette is something which is very important indeed.