Difference Between Product Layout And Process Layout Pdf

difference between product layout and process layout pdf

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Process layout is used for a large number of products where similar machines and equipment are used for the manufacture of each product, so the volume per.

Download What Is The Differences Between Product Layout And Process Layout

The differences between a product layout and process layout can be studied as follows. Process or functional layout is more suitable for non-standardized products. But product or line layout is suitable for standardized product. Higher initial amount for investment in machines and equipment is required in product or line type of layout whereas in process layout, comparatively, lower initial investment is sufficient. Process layout is used for a large number of products where similar machines and equipment are used for the manufacture of each product, so the volume per product is low. But product or line layout is preferred where production of each product is done on a large scale basis. Process layout is flexible because necessary alteration or change in sequence of operations can easily be made as and when required without upsetting the existing layout plan.

With the initiation of a production unit comes the need to plan and organize the production process thoroughly, based on its suitability to our project, and its costs. These plans and structures come under the Operations Management field. There are two major ways to lay off the layout, the Product Layout, and Process Layout. It is crucial to understand these concepts and to draw a clear line of distinction between them. The difference between product layout and process layout is that Product Layout is one in which the machines are set up systematically such that the output of one machine is the input of another machine while Process Layout is one in which machines are set up at different locations, a variety of products can be produced by altering the order of these processes. Product Layout is a method of operations management, that is, a method of organizing and setting up machines and layout of the steps to produce a particular product or a group of very similar products.

In a product layout , the machines, material and other facilities are placed as per the order of processing. It is often used when the production is to be performed on a large scale. Process layout is a type of plant layout wherein like machines are grouped in a single department. It is primarily used when the production process is non-repetitive in nature. The layout is an important concept of operations management, which implies the systematic organization and grouping of facilities and services of the plant that are used to manufacture the goods, within the factory. Machines are grouped, on different lines, wherein the selection is based on a number of factors.

12 Differences between Product Layout and Process Layout

In an effort to make your production line more efficient, look at the different ways to lay out the production line or overall manufacturing plant. Two of the most common layouts are the process layout and the product layout. Each layout provides a systematic approach to production, with each serving a different type of product assembly. Consider your business needs before you choose the best manufacturing layout for your company. The process layout, also called the functional layout, is designed to keep everything organized in a manner so that everything has its place. Think about an auto mechanic's shop.

In manufacturing, facility layout consists of configuring the plant site with lines, buildings, major facilities, work areas, aisles, and other pertinent features such as department boundaries. While facility layout for services may be similar to that for manufacturing, it also may be somewhat different—as is the case with offices, retailers, and warehouses. Because of its relative permanence, facility layout probably is one of the most crucial elements affecting efficiency. An efficient layout can reduce unnecessary material handling, help to keep costs low, and maintain product flow through the facility. Firms in the upper left-hand corner of the product-process matrix have a process structure known as a jumbled flow or a disconnected or intermittent line flow. Upper-left firms generally have a process layout.

The cement is packed with the help of a rotary packer and finally dispatched to the market. It is the place where all the process parameters are controlled. Cement Manufacturing Process Flow Chart. After explaining the complete process of cement making, flow chart would be like that. The basic difference between product and process layout is that in a product layout, the machines, material and other facilities are placed as per the order of processing.


Product Layout is a type of layout design in which the resources needed to produce the product are arranged in one line, as per the sequence of operations. Process Layout refers to the type of layout design wherein the resources having homogeneous processes or functions are combined together.


Layout Cement Process

Distinguish Between Process Layout and Group Technology Abstract This assignment explains facility layout methods and planning in organizations laying emphasis on process layout and group technology. The differences between process layout and group technology were emphasized. The paper also highlights the advantages and disadvantages of using the two layout formats. The different approaches used to implement the two layout formats are also briefly explained.

If all the processing equipment and machines are arranged according to the sequence of operations of the product, the layout is called product type of layout. In this type of layout, only one product of one type of products is produced in an operating area. This product must be standardized and produced in large quantities in order to justify the product layout. The raw material is supplied at one end of the line and goes from one operation to the next quite rapidly with a minimum work in process, storage and material handling. The process layout is particularly useful where low volume of production is needed.

The Difference Between Process and Product Layout Manufacturing

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