Human Rights And Gender Violence Pdf

human rights and gender violence pdf

File Name: human rights and gender violence .zip
Size: 12147Kb
Published: 17.05.2021

Treaty Standards Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence [ en pdf ].

Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. This submission will focus on states obligations to legislate, prevent, investigate, and prosecute sexual and other violence against lesbians and transgender people. This submission includes two case studies, namely South Africa and Lebanon, to indicate the particular vulnerabilities of women based on sexual orientation and gender identity based on our in-depth research on violence against lesbians and transgender people in these two countries.

Gender-based violence and human rights

Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. This submission will focus on states obligations to legislate, prevent, investigate, and prosecute sexual and other violence against lesbians and transgender people. This submission includes two case studies, namely South Africa and Lebanon, to indicate the particular vulnerabilities of women based on sexual orientation and gender identity based on our in-depth research on violence against lesbians and transgender people in these two countries.

The focus on lesbians and transgender people is premised on several general recommendations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women CEDAW Committee , including general recommendation no. In April , the body of Eudy Simelane, a young woman who lived openly as a lesbian and former star of South Africa's national female football team was found in a park in Kwa Thema, a township on the outskirts of Johannesburg.

She had been gang-raped and brutally beaten before being stabbed 25 times. Yet, in a context where gender-based violence is high, black lesbians and transgender men and women are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence due to their sexual orientation or gender identity.

In addition to criminalization of rape and compelled rape, the Sexual Offences Act criminalizes all non-consensual sexual activity, including sexual assault, compelled sexual assault and marital rape. It also expands the definition of rape to include all forms of non-consensual sexual penetration. It provides for various services to be made available to victims of sexual offences, including free post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV and establishes a National Register for Sex Offenders containing particulars of persons convicted of any sexual offence against a child or a person with a mental disability.

In December , Human Rights Watch published a report documenting sexual violence and discrimination against black lesbians and transgender men and women in South Africa.

On June 18, , the RTT published the following update regarding cases that resulted in successful convictions: [24]. The Human Rights Watch report extensively documents the negative experiences with police, that in turn creates an overwhelming lack of trust in law enforcement and the criminal justice system. These include non-reporting due to fear and safety concerns as well as a lack of faith in the criminal justice system.

In addition, the report noted lack of knowledge within the criminal justice system on how to establish, investigate and prosecute hate-motivated rape cases based on sexual orientation or gender identity. The National Task Team, in collaboration with non-government organizations should also continue to implement national training programs for all role-players in the criminal justice system, including police, legal professionals, members of the judiciary and public service providers in order to educate them on the rights and needs of all survivors of sexual violence, including lesbians and transgender people.

But rape outside of marriage is a criminal offence with a minimum punishment of imprisonment of five years. The definition of rape is narrow and limited: it is gender specific, covering women only, and explicitly excludes marital rape. The law on domestic violence which established important protection measures and related policing and court reforms, defines domestic violence narrowly and fails to specifically criminalize marital rape.

Articles , , , and prohibit lewd or obscene acts against minors. Article provides that anyone who seduces a woman or a girl under the age of 21, even with consent, to gratify the sexual needs of others, will be punished by imprisonment for a minimum term of one year and a fine. In a positive development, parliament repealed article of the criminal code in , which had allowed rapists to escape prosecution by marrying their victim. In , Human Rights Watch published a report documenting the systemic discrimination that transgender women face in Lebanon, in which it detailed crimes of sexual violence against them committed with impunity.

The mayor of my town sexually harassed me; lieutenants sexually harassed me. I was kidnapped in by a man in the street in my neighborhood.

Apparently, he had been watching me and he knew about me. He pulled me into a car in the street and took me to an apartment and tied me to a chair. He raped me until I passed out.

The domestic violence law makes no provision for same-sex intimate partner violence, and hence provides no guarantee that judiciary members apply the law to lesbian women or transgender individuals experiencing domestic violence, such as sexual abuse, including through provision of protection orders. Lebanon also has no law criminalizing sexual harassment, including at work, and sexual harassment is neither defined nor prohibited under the Lebanese Labor Code.

Many women face sexual harassment at work in Lebanon. Human Rights Watch has documented how Syrian refugee women in Lebanon experienced sexual assault, harassment, or attempted sexual exploitation, sometimes repeatedly, by employers, landlords, local faith-based aid distributors, and community members.

In instances when they are employed, transgender women reported encountering sexual abuse from employers and coworkers. Lacking access to redress, including complaint mechanisms that hold abusers accountable for their discrimination, trans women reported having been forced out of jobs.

Due to underreporting and the lack of reliable complaints mechanisms, there is no estimate on the number of rape cases reported and prosecuted in Lebanon in recent years. Additionally, there are no official national statistics on the prevalence of sexual violence perpetrated by an intimate partner. According to a report by Helem, a Beirut-based LGBT rights organization, individuals with non-normative sexual orientation or gender identity and expression can rarely seek legal protection from sexual violence, due to the criminalization of their identities and the fear of persecution.

Lebanon maintains reservations to Article 9 2 equal rights with respect to nationality of children , Article 16 1 c , d , f , and g equality in marriage and family relations , and Article 29 1 administration of the Convention and arbitration in the event of a dispute.

Human Rights Watch urges Lebanon to explicitly criminalize marital rape, and clearly define sexual assault as a violation of bodily integrity and sexual autonomy, and rape as a form of sexual assault that is a physical invasion of a sexual nature without consent or under coercive circumstances.

A physical invasion would include penetration, however slight, of any part of the body of the victim — or of the rapist by the victim — with a sexual organ, or of the anal or genital opening of the victim with any object or any other part of the body. Lebanon should also repeal the remaining loophole of article of the criminal code, which still allows prosecution and convictions to be dropped where a perpetrator marries their victim in cases concerning sex with children ages and seducing a virgin girl into having sex with the promise of marriage.

In order to safeguard the right of sexual and gender minorities to report crimes without facing the risk of arrest, Lebanon should ensure that no sexual violence survivor is denied assistance, arrested, or harassed on the basis of their gender identity, their sexual orientation, or their status as a sex worker. Lebanon: Reform Rape Laws. Human Rights Watch July Global Database on Violence against Women: Lebanon.

Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice. Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. Join our movement today. Donate Now. Violence against Lesbians and Transgender Persons in South Africa In April , the body of Eudy Simelane, a young woman who lived openly as a lesbian and former star of South Africa's national female football team was found in a park in Kwa Thema, a township on the outskirts of Johannesburg.

On June 18, , the RTT published the following update regarding cases that resulted in successful convictions: [24] Zukiswa Gaca, an year old female from the Western Cape was raped. LC Molefe from Ermelo in Mpumalanga was raped. Ntabiseng Welemina Mofokeng from Balfour in Mpumalanga was raped by her neighbor. Disebo Gift Makau from Tshing in Ventersdorp was murdered and raped. Thembelihle Sokhela from Sgodi in Daveyton was raped and murdered. Violence against Lesbians and Transgender Persons in Lebanon In , Human Rights Watch published a report documenting the systemic discrimination that transgender women face in Lebanon, in which it detailed crimes of sexual violence against them committed with impunity.

States should introduce and proactively strengthen ethical and safe data collection mechanisms that monitor sexual violence against women and disaggregate the data by sexual orientation and gender identity. States should ensure that all state agents in all sectors, including health, education, and justice, receive mandatory training on the appropriate protocols and responses in the provision of services to lesbian and transgender survivors of sexual violence, including on the vulnerability of individuals with non-normative sexual orientation or gender identity to sexual violence motivated by prejudice, on secondary victimization, and regarding the specific needs and rights of lesbian and transgender persons.

Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world. More Reading. May 7, News Release. September 3, Report. December 5, Report. Protecting Rights, Saving Lives Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice.

Violence against women

People who experience gender violence may suffer from different human rights violations — for example the right to life, freedom from torture and degrading treatment, freedom from discrimination and the right to safety and security. All these rights can be found in international and regional human rights documents, in particular by the United Nations and by the Council of Europe. The right to life, gender equality, prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex, protection of physical integrity, the right to health - to mention a few of the human rights impacted by gender-based violence - are safeguarded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights. In order to step the combat against violence and discrimination against women, the United Nations adopted specific instruments and measures. As a human rights issue, gender equality and gender-based violence are addressed firstly by human rights instruments such as the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Social Charter. The growing awareness of the extent and persistence of the problem has led to the creation of specific instruments addressing gender-based violence in its various forms. Despite the significant progress achieved with the instruments mentioned above, recognition and existing legal measures are not sufficient.

Violence against women VAW , also known as gender-based violence [1] and sexual and gender-based violence SGBV , [2] are violent acts primarily or exclusively committed against women or girls. Such violence is often considered a form of hate crime , [3] committed against women or girls specifically because they are female , and can take many forms. VAW has a very long history, though the incidents and intensity of such violence have varied over time and even today vary between societies. Such violence is often seen as a mechanism for the subjugation of women, whether in society in general or in an interpersonal relationship. Such violence may arise from a sense of entitlement , superiority , misogyny or similar attitudes in the perpetrator or his violent nature, especially against women. The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women states, "violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women" and "violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men.

Gender-based violence GBV is a violation of human rights. We're working to transform attitudes towards girls and women that perpetuate violence against them. Gender-based violence against children refers to the violence inflicted on a child due to stereotypes and roles attributed to or expected of them according to their sex or gender identity. Sometimes children are viewed as the property of their parents or caregivers, rather than rights-holders, making them vulnerable to abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence. Gender dynamics add another layer of vulnerability.


While it is true that human rights violations are committed against men as well as women, their impact clearly differs depending on the sex of the victim. Studies.


Where we work

It offers cogent summaries of concepts, debates, and trends vital to understanding the field and informing practice to advance the human rights of women. Her research interests focus on the gender dimensions of human rights as an international, normative, institutional, political and legal paradigm. She has published widely on issues of gender and human rights; transnational women's movements and the United Nations; religion and gender in the public sphere; women, peace and security; and feminist political theory.

Беккер отшвырнул пистолет и без сил опустился на ступеньку. Впервые за целую вечность он почувствовал, что глаза его застилают слезы, и зажмурился, прогоняя влажную пелену. Он знал, что для эмоций еще будет время, а теперь пора отправляться домой.

Navigation menu

 - Помни это…. Ему казалось, что с него сорваны все внешние покровы. Не было ни страха, ни ощущения своей значимости - исчезло. Он остался нагим - лишь плоть и кости перед лицом Господа. Я человек, - подумал .

 - Номер четыре. Они со Сьюзан слушали этот концерт в прошлом году в университете в исполнении оркестра Академии Святого Мартина. Ему вдруг страшно захотелось увидеть ее - сейчас. Прохладный ветерок кондиционера напомнил ему о жаре на улице. Он представил себе, как бредет, обливаясь потом, по душным, пропитанным запахом наркотиков улицам Трианы, пытаясь разыскать девчонку-панка в майке с британским флагом на груди, и снова подумал о Сьюзан.

Наибольшая скорость, которую она развивала, достигала 50 миль в час, причем делала это со страшным воем, напоминая скорее циркулярную пилу, а не мотоцикл, и, увы, ей не хватало слишком много лошадиных сил, чтобы взмыть в воздух. В боковое зеркало заднего вида он увидел, как такси выехало на темное шоссе в сотне метров позади него и сразу же стало сокращать дистанцию.

Вчера вечером я скачал файл Танкадо и провел у принтера несколько часов, ожидая, когда ТРАНСТЕКСТ его расколет. На рассвете я усмирил свою гордыню и позвонил директору - и, уверяю тебя, это был бы тот еще разговорчик. Доброе утро, сэр.

А что по этому поводу думает Энсей Танкадо. - Я ничем не обязан мистеру Танкадо. Он зря мне доверился. Ключ стоит в сотни раз больше того, что он платит мне за его хранение.

2 COMMENTS

Ninette G.

REPLY

Gender-based violence GBV is a violation of human rights.

Jason S.

REPLY

Call of cthulhu 7th edition free pdf bar shalom estimation with applications to tracking and navigation solutions pdf

LEAVE A COMMENT