Concepts Of Human Development And Poverty A Multidimensional Perspective Pdf

concepts of human development and poverty a multidimensional perspective pdf

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A Human Development Approach to the Status of Development in North East India

Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon and unidimensional measurements have proven inadequate to the challenge of assessing its dynamics. Dynamics between poverty and public health intervention is among the most difficult yet important problems faced in development. We sought to demonstrate how multidimensional poverty measures can be utilized in the evaluation of public health interventions; and to create geospatial maps of poverty deprivation to aid implementers in prioritizing program planning. We estimated a multidimensional poverty index, which can be disaggregated into context-specific indicators. We produced an MPI comprised of 3 dimensions and 11 weighted indicators selected from the survey. Our MPI is an adjusted headcount, calculated by multiplying the proportion identified as poor headcount and the poverty gap average deprivation. Geospatial visualizations of poverty deprivation were created as a contextual baseline for future evaluation.

Launched in September , the Human Development and Capability Association HDCA promotes research from many disciplines on key problems related to poverty, justice and well-being. HDCA promotes high quality research in the interconnected areas of human development and capability. It is concerned with research in these areas across a broad range of topics where the human development and capability approaches have made and can make significant contributions, including the quality of life, poverty, justice, gender, development and environment inter alia. It further works in all disciplines — such as economics, philosophy, political theory, sociology and development studies — where such research is, or may be, pursued. While primarily an academic body, the Association brings together those involved in academic work with practitioners who are involved in, or interested in, the application of research from the fields of human development and capability to the problems they face.

The present paper is an attempt to highlight the status of development in North East India using human development approach. The study reveals that India in spite of having a fast growing economy and pursuing the policy of liberalization and globalization since early eighties has not been able to achieve much on account of human development and welfare. Human development index is below 0. Rural-urban disparity, gender disparity and uneven human development across the States in the region are quite significant. The disturbing trend of increasing gender disparity in Nagaland and escalating rural-urban gap, particularly in the States of Assam and Meghalaya is a matter of concern.

Interview with Emma Samman, Research Fellow, Overseas Development Institute

In recent decades, measures of child well-being have evolved from single dimension to multidimensional measures. Multi-dimensional measures deepen and broaden our understanding of child well-being and inform us of areas of neglect. Child well-being in China today is measured through proxy measures of household need. This paper discusses the evolution of child well-being measures more generally, explores the benefits of positive indicators and multiple dimensions in formulating policy, and then reviews efforts to date by the Chinese government, researchers, and non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations to develop comprehensive multidimensional measures of child well-being in China. The domains and their potential interactions, as well as data sources and availability, are presented.

Actual development can eventuate only in a society where the focus is enriching human lives. An approach, which focuses the expansion of income or economic outcomes, is inadequate to explain such a process; a high income by itself was no defense against human deprivation, because many human choices extend far beyond economic well-being. There, human development approach stands as a considerable progress in development. Then, this study includes the investigation of the contents and development of this approach. Zotero Mendeley EndNote.

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A method to measure vulnerability to multidimensional poverty is proposed under a mean—risk behaviour approach. The new approach is called the vulnerability to multidimensional poverty index VMPI , alluding to the fact that it can be used to assess vulnerability to poverty measured by the multidimensional poverty index MPI. The proposed family of vulnerability indicators can be estimated using cross-sectional data and can include both binary and metric welfare indicators. The multidimensional nature of welfare has been strongly posited in the economic literature.

This chapter begins by describing the concepts of human development, poverty and inequality under this new conceptualization —intrinsically linked but describing different characteristics of well-being. It then presents recently developed indices that are widely used to measure these phenomena and discusses several methodological considerations of their implementation. In particular, the chapter focuses on the Multidimensional Poverty Index MPI , a measure that complements more traditional monetary measures of poverty by recognizing that this phenomenon has many forms and dimensions. Development, poverty and inequality are different although intrinsically connected concepts. Development has been traditionally associated to economic growth.

Development, Poverty and Inequality: Changing the Development Paradigm

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