Denis Mcquail Uses And Gratifications Pdf

denis mcquail uses and gratifications pdf

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As more research was conducted, scholars began to find flaws within this thinking. Readers learn not only about a given issue, but also how much importance to attach to that issue from the amount of information in a news story and its position.

Uses and gratifications theory 1 Uses and gratifications theory Sociology Outline @BULLET @BULLET

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This paper will explore the Uses and Gratifications Theory, giving background of the theory and its history in the communications sphere. The application of this particular theory in Public Relations will also be given with two different campaigns that have used this theory successfully in the past. The Uses and Gratifications Theory will also be discussed in detail regarding how Public Relations professionals can use this theory in their daily work now and in the future in a world that is becoming increasingly virtual. The uses and gratifications theory is a theory that we encounter each and every day, especially when logging into our multitude of social media applications. Although this theory has been around for some time, it has seen a recent explosion in popularity with the advent of social media platforms and companies using this theory to further expand their brands. This paper will seek to give a concrete description of the uses and gratifications theory and provide how it has been and can be applied to public relations practices today. This paper will also discuss how the uses and gratifications theory has been used for branding in two particular public relations campaigns Starbucks and HelloFresh in the past and how it can be implemented for other brands in the future.

Uses & gratification theory and PR

Media Communication pp Cite as. The increasingly central part which audience analysis plays in media studies is identified in this chapter and the differences of opinion over the relative power of media and audience examined. Reference to the pessimistic views held by the Frankfurt School about the apparent powerlessness of audience is followed by summaries of Uses and Gratifications Theory, Dependency Theory and Cultivation Theory. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

In Denis McQuail, Jay Blumler and Joseph Brown suggested that the uses of different types of media could be grouped into 4 categories. The four categories.

Audience: the Uses We Make of Media

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Uses and gratifications theory

While smell, taste, and touch can add context to a conversation over a romantic dinner, our interaction with mass media messages rely almost exclusively on sight and sound. See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author but see below , don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. In reflecting what candidates are saying during a campaign, the mass media may well determine the impirtant issues-that is, the media may set the "agenda" of the compaign. In general, the mass media serves information, interpretation, instructive, bonding, and diversion functions: Just as a gate controls the flow of traffic, the media acts as a gatekeeper, allowing some messages to travel through and others not. The Public Opinion Quarterly Researchers also focused more on long-term effects and how media messages create opinion climates, structures of belief, and cultural patterns.

Symbolic Interactionism Theory that people give meaning to symbols and that those meanings come to control those people. The media logic theory states that common media formats and styles serve as a means of perceiving the world. The accelerated diffusion of digital media from telecommunications and information technology sectors in the s has led media and communication studies to be defined by new objects of investigation. They have also claimed weak effects, meaning that media messages have no little power over viewers.

One signal example is 'uses and gratifications'. Denis McQuail's work with Jay Blumler and with Joseph Trenaman was seminal in this field.


Uses and gratifications approach is an influential tradition in media research. The original conception of the approach was based on the research for explaining the great appeal of certain media contents. The core question of such research is: Why do people use media and what do they use them for? McQuail, There exists a basic idea in this approach: audience members know media content, and which media they can use to meet their needs.

Uses and gratifications theory UGT is an approach to understanding why and how people actively seek out specific media to satisfy specific needs. UGT is an audience-centered approach to understanding mass communication. This communication theory is positivistic in its approach, based in the socio-psychological communication tradition, and focuses on communication at the mass media scale. It assumes that audience members are not passive consumers of media. Rather, the audience has power over their media consumption and assumes an active role in interpreting and integrating media into their own lives.

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Communication Theory/Uses and Gratifications

Северная Дакота. - Северная Дакота. Разумеется, это кличка.

Беккер заметил металлический блеск в тот самый миг, когда убийца поднимал пистолет, и, как спринтер, срывающийся с места при звуке стартового выстрела, рванулся. Насмерть перепуганный священник упал, чаша взлетела вверх, и красное вино разлилось по белому мрамору пола. Монахи и служки у алтаря бросились врассыпную, а Беккер тем временем перемахнул через ограждение.

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Uses and gratifications is the first audience-centric approach in media Further in Denis McQuail, Jay Blumler and Joseph Brown.