File Name: the punjab transparency and right to information act 2013 .zip
- Right to Information Act
- Punjab Transparency and Right to Information Act
- Right to Information Act
- Proactive Disclosure: Most KP, Punjab Depts Fail to Share Information Online
Right to Information Act
Freedom of information laws allow access by the general public to data held by national governments. The emergence of freedom of information legislation was a response to increasing dissatisfaction with the secrecy surrounding government policy development and decision making. They establish a "right-to-know" legal process by which requests may be made for government-held information, to be received freely or at minimal cost, barring standard exceptions.
Also variously referred to as open records , or sunshine laws in the United States , governments are typically bound by a duty to publish and promote openness. In many countries there are constitutional guarantees for the right of access to information, but these are usually unused if specific support legislation does not exist. Additionally, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 16 has a target to ensure public access to information and the protection of fundamental freedoms as a means to ensure accountable, inclusive and just institutions.
Over countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation. Most freedom of information laws exclude the private sector from their jurisdiction thus information held by the private sector cannot be accessed as a legal right. This limitation has serious implications because the private sector performs many functions which were previously the domain of the public sector.
As a result, information that was previously public is now within the private sector, and the private contractors cannot be forced to disclose information.
Other countries are working towards introducing such laws, and many regions of countries with national legislation have local laws.
For example, all U. Additionally, the U. Freedom of Information Act governs record management of documents in the possession of the federal government. A related concept is open meetings legislation, which allows access to government meetings, not just to the records of them. In many countries, privacy or data protection laws may be part of the freedom of information legislation; the concepts are often closely tied together in political discourse.
A basic principle behind most freedom of information legislation is that the burden of proof falls on the body asked for information, not the person asking for it. The person making the request does not usually have to give an explanation for their actions, but if the information is not disclosed a valid reason has to be given.
In Albania , the constitution of guarantees the right of access to information; the legislation for supporting this is Law no. The law regulates the right of access to information being produced or held by public sector. The rules contained in this law are designated to ensure the public access to information, in the framework of assuming the rights and freedoms of the individual in practice, as well as establishing views on the state and society situation.
This law aims also at encouraging integrity, transparency and accountability of the public sector bodies. Every person shall, where deemed that the rights provided for in this law have been violated, be entitled to file a complaint administratively to the Information and Data Protection Commissioner's Office.
In Argentina , the Access to public information Act Ley The Law on Freedom of Information  was unanimously approved by the Parliament on 23 September and went into force in November In Australia , the Freedom of Information Act was passed at the federal level in , applying to all "ministers, departments and public authorities" of the Commonwealth. The act was amended in under the Rudd Government, establishing the government office of the information commissioner, to further promote freedom of information.
There is similar legislation in all states and territories: . In Azerbaijan , a Law on Access to Information was approved in It has gone into effect. Previously in there was accepted Law on Freedom on Information, but the Law of provided more detailed and secured regulation for access to official information.
The A2i programme is a part of the Vision , a political manifesto of the Bangladesh Awami League party before winning the National Elections of Article 32 of the Constitution was amended in to include a right of access to documents held by the government. In Belize , the Freedom of Information Act was passed in was amended in and is currently in force, though a governmental commission noted that "not much use has been made of the Act". Its purpose is to curb corruption by providing the public with the right to access information.
The first alteration was passed in , enabling stronger legal protection within the framework of administrative law of BiH. The second alteration was passed in December , which enforced legal penalties for prescribed violations. In Brazil , the Article 5, XXXIII, of the Constitution sets that "everyone shall have the right to receive information of his own interest or of public interest from public entities, which shall be given within the time prescribed by law".
A statute passed in and that will enter into force in Federal Law In Bulgaria , the Access to Public Information Act was passed in , following a recommendation from the Constitutional Court to implement such a law. In Canada , the Access to Information Act allows citizens to demand records from federal bodies. The act came into force in , under the Pierre Trudeau government, permitting Canadians to retrieve information from government files, establishing what information could be accessed, mandating timelines for response.
There is also a complementary Privacy Act that was introduced in The purpose of the Privacy Act is to extend the present laws of Canada that protect the privacy of individuals with respect to personal information about themselves held by a federal government institution and that provide individuals with a right of access to that information. It is a Crown copyright. Complaints for possible violations of the Act may be reported to the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. Canadian access to information laws distinguish between access to records generally and access to records that contain personal information about the person making the request.
Subject to exceptions, individuals have a right of access to records that contain their own personal information under the Privacy Act but the general public does not have a right of access to records that contain personal information about others under the Access to Information Act. Each province and territory in Canada has its own access to information legislation.
In many cases, this is also the provincial public sector privacy legislation. For example:. From to , requests made to the federal government were catalogued in the Coordination of Access to Information Requests System. A page report released in September , sponsored by several Canadian newspaper groups, compares Canada's Access to Information Act to the FOI laws of the provinces and of 68 other nations.
In Chile , article 8 of the Constitution provides for the freedom of information. The Colombian constitution grants the right of access to public information through Law 57 of which thereby mandates the publishing of acts and official documents. This is implemented and applies to documents that belong to official facilities offices or the like. Additionally there is the anti corruption statement of Law of also known as anti corruption act which in its 51st article mandates public offices to list in visible area all the contracts and purchases made by month.
The latter taking place slowly. Article 23 of the constitution states that "Every person has the right to present petitions to the authorities for the general or private interest and to secure their prompt resolution. The legislative body may regulate the presentation of petitions to private organisations in order to guarantee fundamental rights. This article justifies the existence of a jurisdictional mechanism known a petition action.
This action is regulated by the law of and is considered by the Colombian Judicial Doctrine as a fundamental human right.
According to the law all petitions should be fully addressed in 15 business days. If not addressed the official in charge of resolving the petition may be charged with misconduct. Access to official information is governed by the Official Information Act The law is based heavily on the New Zealand legislation.
In Croatia , the Zakon o pravu na pristup informacijama Act on the Right of Access to Information first introduced in extends to all public authorities. The right of access to information in Cyprus is guaranteed in constitutional provisions on freedom of expression.
The No. A law that falls below Council of Europe standards in the Northern occupied part of Cyprus. Since late , a draft law on the Right to Access Public Information was being discussed in the Parliament of the Republic of Cyprus. Access to Public Administration Files Act of is a Danish act passed by the Folketing concerning public access to governmental records. The Act came into force in and repealed the Public Records Act of Yet, the information concerning activities of judicial branch and legislators is not accessible.
Reasons do not have to be given while making a request; however, the authorities can ask for additional information regarding document. Decision to grant or not to grant access can be appealed.
The exemption regarding EU documents was taken out of the Act in Rough drafts and projects that are not part of an administrative procedure are not included. In Ecuador , the Transparency and Access to Information Law of declares that the right of access to information is guaranteed by the state. In Estonia , the Public Information Act  of seeks to "ensure that the public and every person has the opportunity to access information intended for public use, based on the principles of a democratic and social rule of law and an open society, and to create opportunities for the public to monitor the performance of public duties".
It extends to all "holders of information", covering all state and local government bodies, legal persons in public law and legal persons in private law if they are performing public duties providing health, education etc. In matters concerning the local, national and transboundary environment, the Aarhus convention grants the public rights regarding access to information, public participation and access to justice in governmental decision-making processes.
It focuses on interactions between the public and public authorities. The recognition of the right to access to public information under Article 10 including "freedom.. Italy case before the European Court of Human Rights in The majority considered Article 10 was not applicable to the complaint. However, the court found that in the specific case, which included living near a high-risk factory, not providing information was in violation of Article 8 respect to private and family life.
Besides, two judges expressed a dissent on applicability of Article 10, and further six judges reserved a possibility, that in other circumstances, right to access to information could be protected by Article The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe has considered in , that "public access to clear and full information on this subject [Chernobyl disaster]—and many others for that matter—must be viewed as a basic human right". If access is refused, the applicant is allowed a confirmatory request.
Since , the European Commission operates the Register of Interest representatives, a voluntary register of lobbyists at the European union. Governments are required to transcribe the directive into national legislation for example, in the United Kingdom, the Environmental Information Regulations This has been transcribed into national legislation through, for example, the Data Protection Act United Kingdom and the Data Protection Ireland.
In Finland , the Laki yleisten asiakirjain julkisuudesta 9. Exceptions to the basic principle could only be made by law, or by an executive order for specific enumerated reasons such as national security.
The openness of unsigned draft documents was not mandated, but up to the consideration of the public official. This weakness of the law was removed when the law was revised in the s. The revised law, the Laki viranomaisten toiminnan julkisuudesta The Publicity Act establishes a process by which any person may access any record in possession of an authority.
Punjab Transparency and Right to Information Act
Punjab State Elecy. Board is an utility for one of the essential services for general public because power supply is the basic need of each and every household. Economy as well as growth of the State is primarily dependent on Power. For making the public aware of about the various activities being undertaken by the PSEB to ensure availability of an efficient and reliable power supply system, information which are commonly required by the general public as per the provisions of the? Right to Information Act? This is however, made clear that the information available in thishandbook as well as on the PSEB Website shall not be used for any legal purposes. The appointment will be initialy for a period of one year from the date of joining
An Exploratory Study. The purpose of this study was to explore and explain the provision of the right of access to information RAI , a remarkable development particularly in the field of human rights and information management in Pakistan. This study has two objectives: 1 to track the practice and propensity of public information officers PIOs in providing information under the Punjab Transparency and Right to Information Act, ; 2 to examine the perceptions of information seekers in retrieving the information under the Punjab Transparency and Right to Information Act, PTRIA, A mixed-method, sequential design with a parallel database variant was used to collect data. This study was divided into two phases; data of both phases were collected sequentially.
Promoting individual rights to protect themselves and hold governments accountable are requisites for democracy. The law is an essential tool in detecting corruption, mismanagement and any issue that hinders the efficiency of government bodies. As Pakistan claims to be a democratic state so the struggle of implementing an act on the right to information in the country started in Mohsin, , para. Generally, in democratic states a meaningful interaction between the citizens and government requires well-informed nation and one of the ways towards such discussions includes right to information. The irony remains when we as citizens of Pakistan are unaware of our rights.
Right to Information Act
Governmental entities are one of the producers of voluminous data. Proactive release of big open data BOD by the governmental entities is on the way around the globe. These patterns are based on policy declaration timing by the governments, policy adoption timing, development of technological applications, and proactively released datasets statistics in public bodies. Results shows that Federal government is the innovator for the policy innovation diffusion across different governments and subsequent public bodies.
Islamabad — A majority of government departments in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have failed to publish significant public information, including annual current and development expenditures, on their websites. The departments are bound by provincial Right to Information RTI laws to voluntarily share these details about their operations with the citizens.
Proactive Disclosure: Most KP, Punjab Depts Fail to Share Information Online
This Legislative Brief has been authored by Ms. The views and analyses in this Legislative Brief do not necessarily represent the views of the Development Alternatives Inc. With the incorporation of Article A into the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan through the 18 Amendment on April 8, ,  the right to information RTI has also been acknowledged as a fundamental constitutional right. Consequently legislation enabling the exercise of this right and redressal in case of its denial has been mandatory since However, it has taken the Federal Government five years to prepare the draft Bill for the purpose. Meanwhile the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab have enacted progressive RTI laws in while Balochistan and Sindh, who passed their Freedom of Information Acts in and , continue with regressive right to information laws much the same as the Federal FoI This Bill is currently awaiting Federal Cabinet approval before it is tabled in the Parliament for passage and later its promulgation.
An Independent and dedicated Complaint Management Cell has been established to ensure transparency, efficacy and propensity for the management of complaint regarding property registration. In case of any Complaint with PLRA services or procedure or have an enquiry or suggestion, please get in touch at:. Email us : contactus. Complaint Escalation level are as follow;. Your complaint will be more responsive by providing following details:. The Ombudsman Punjab is the Independent Complaint reviewer and focuses exclusively investigation of complaints against the public authorities, government departments or the people who work for them.
Freedom of information laws allow access by the general public to data held by national governments. The emergence of freedom of information legislation was a response to increasing dissatisfaction with the secrecy surrounding government policy development and decision making. They establish a "right-to-know" legal process by which requests may be made for government-held information, to be received freely or at minimal cost, barring standard exceptions. Also variously referred to as open records , or sunshine laws in the United States , governments are typically bound by a duty to publish and promote openness. In many countries there are constitutional guarantees for the right of access to information, but these are usually unused if specific support legislation does not exist. Additionally, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 16 has a target to ensure public access to information and the protection of fundamental freedoms as a means to ensure accountable, inclusive and just institutions.
Transparency and Right to Information Act (2) It extends to the whole of the Punjab. (3). It shall come into force at once. 2.
Skip to main content. It is considered as an effective law, based on its contents and provisions -- which take into account RTI principles. Although, their ranking does not include sub-national laws, but using their framework for scoring RTI laws based on RTI principles , Punjab Transparency and RTI law is scored over points, out of maximum points.
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