File Name: contemporary russian messianism and new russian foreign policy .zip
- 18. Nationalism in Postcommunist Russia: From Resignation to Anger
- Contemporary Russian Nationalism between East and West
- Russian Neoconservatism and Apocalyptic Imperialism
Antonov, V. Constitutional and legal bases of national security of Ukraine. Doctoral dissertation.
18. Nationalism in Postcommunist Russia: From Resignation to Anger
Like us, all the European nations have experienced abrupt turning points in their histories, sometimes more than once…. But neither pre-revolutionary France nor pre-revolutionary Germany is separated, in the eyes of Frenchmen and Germans, from their reality by a wall as impassable as that separating ancient Russia, according to our perception, from modern Petrine Russia…. To this day we Russians are deprived of a unified national consciousness. Theoretically, abstractly, we understand that…Peter and his reforms were prepared…but all this somehow seems dry to us, bookish and dead; it comes into our heads somehow without emotion, like the result of a mathematical calculation. In our immediate living consciousness we continue to be split in two, and this half-heartedness lies like a heavy stone on our whole being and on all our endeavors. Kavelin 1.
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Powered by WP Bannerize. Perhaps more interesting is the notion of the West in general, and of Western Europe in particular, that is emerging in the country. Central Europe as an ideological and cultural construct does not have an independent meaning to Russians. At best, it is recognized only as a transient political reality, in which they no longer have a part. To Russians, there were two Europes: Western and Eastern; their cultural contexts to a large extent being defined by shifting political configurations. Post-communist development in Europe is perceived in Russia as an advancement of Western Europe into the eastern part of the continent Yakovenko, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and even more tacitly the Baltic countries are already considered Western European, or at least West European countries-to-be.
Contemporary Russian Nationalism between East and West
Russian nationalism is a form of nationalism that promotes Russian cultural identity and unity. Russian nationalism first rose to prominence in the early 19th century, and became closely related to pan-Slavism , from its origin during the Russian Empire to the Soviet Union and beyond. However, Russian nationalism in contemporary discussion is either viewed as a form of ethnic nationalism or multi-racial nationalism. The Slavophile movement became popular in 19th-century Russia. Slavophiles opposed influences of Western Europe in Russia and were determined to protect Russian culture and traditions. Aleksey Khomyakov , Ivan Kireyevsky , and Konstantin Aksakov are credited with co-founding the movement. A notable folk revival in Russian art was loosely related to Slavophilia.
Like us, all the European nations have experienced abrupt turning points in their histories, sometimes more than once…. But neither pre-revolutionary France nor pre-revolutionary Germany is separated, in the eyes of Frenchmen and Germans, from their reality by a wall as impassable as that separating ancient Russia, according to our perception, from modern Petrine Russia…. To this day we Russians are deprived of a unified national consciousness. Theoretically, abstractly, we understand that…Peter and his reforms were prepared…but all this somehow seems dry to us, bookish and dead; it comes into our heads somehow without emotion, like the result of a mathematical calculation. In our immediate living consciousness we continue to be split in two, and this half-heartedness lies like a heavy stone on our whole being and on all our endeavors. Kavelin 1. The apparent success of the United States and other English-speaking countries convinced an array of thinkers ranging from Hannah Arendt to Charles Taylor that the acceptance of a common political formula can create a successfully functioning polity with no reference to either ethnic or cultural nationalism.
John B. Dunlop is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. His current research focuses on the conflict in Chechnya, Russian politics since , Russia and the successor states of the former Soviet Union, Russian nationalism, and the politics of religion in Russia. One perceptive observer of the Russian political scene, Francoise Thom, noted as far back as that fascism, and especially its "Eurasianist" variant, was displacing Russian nationalism among statist Russian elites as a post-communist "Russian Idea," especially in the foreign policy sphere. Euras[ianism] brings an ideological foundation for post-Soviet imperialism. There probably has not been another book published in Russia during the post-communist period that has exerted an influence on Russian military, police, and statist foreign policy elites comparable to that of Aleksandr Dugin's neo-fascist treatise, Foundations of Geopolitics. The author of this six-hundred-page program for the eventual rule of ethnic Russians over the lands extending "from Dublin to Vladisvostok," Aleksandr Gel'evich Dugin, was born in , the son, grandson, and great-grandson of Russian military officers.
Russian Neoconservatism and Apocalyptic Imperialism
The article offers a critical overview of nine views common in academia related to Russian messianism. The main premise of messianism which is important for its political dimension, is: Providence has a plan along which History unfolds, and in this plan the chosen one individual or collective has a special role to play mission. The first two components of mission express exceptionalism of the mission-beholder, while the third component refers to the universalistic nature of the calling. This selection of nine views is not a complete catalogue but it does include the core concepts that may be encountered while reading about Russian messianism. The article seeks to verify and put in order the existing body of knowledge on this topic.
Russia had abandoned its empire in Eastern Europe, the country was transitioning toward a market-oriented, democratic system, and Moscow no longer presented a military threat to American security. But over the past 30 years, each period of optimism has been followed by a significant worsening of relations.
Problems, Paradoxes, and Perspectives
Она запускала Следопыта месяц назад, и никаких проблем не возникло. Могли сбой произойти внезапно, сам по. Размышляя об этом, Сьюзан вдруг вспомнила фразу, сказанную Стратмором: Я попытался запустить Следопыта самостоятельно, но информация, которую он выдал, оказалась бессмысленной. Сьюзан задумалась над этими словами. Информация, которую он выдал… Она резко подняла голову. Возможно ли. Информация, которую он выдал.
Стратмор человек умный, но о вирусах понятия не имеет. У него в голове ничего, кроме ТРАНСТЕКСТА. При первых же признаках беды он тут же поднял бы тревогу - а в этих стенах сие означает, что он позвонил бы .
- Мидж вздохнула. - Я ошиблась. - Она сдвинула брови, задумавшись, почему ТРАНСТЕКСТ за весь день не взломал ни единого шифра. - Позволь мне кое-что проверить, - сказала она, перелистывая отчет. Найдя то, что искала, Мидж пробежала глазами цифры и минуту спустя кивнула: - Ты прав, Чед.
- Мужская комната оказалась закрыта… но я уже ухожу. - Ну и проваливай, пидор. Беккер посмотрел на нее внимательнее. К ней как-то не шло сквернословие - как неуместны сточные воды в хрустальном графине.
Танкадо и не думал уничтожать главный банк данных - он хотел только, чтобы мы обнародовали ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Тогда он дал бы нам ключ, чтобы мы могли уничтожить вирус. Сьюзан стало абсолютно очевидно, что план Танкадо ужасным образом рухнул.