File Name: science as a process and product .zip
- The Process of Science
- Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification
The Process of Science
Several years ago, a student working on an undergraduate research project in my laboratory approached me with concern. I had seen her research results and knew she was making good progress, so I was surprised to hear that she was having a problem. Over the next several days we went through her experimental procedure, we reviewed her instrumental methods , and we examined her results; yet I could not find a problem with her work. Finally, I asked her the obvious question, "Why do you think you're doing something wrong? Her response startled me.
Fermentation , chemical process by which molecules such as glucose are broken down anaerobically. More broadly, fermentation is the foaming that occurs during the manufacture of wine and beer , a process at least 10, years old. The frothing results from the evolution of carbon dioxide gas, though this was not recognized until the 17th century. French chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur in the 19th century used the term fermentation in a narrow sense to describe the changes brought about by yeasts and other microorganisms growing in the absence of air anaerobically ; he also recognized that ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide are not the only products of fermentation. In the s it was discovered that, in the absence of air, extracts of muscle catalyze the formation of lactate from glucose and that the same intermediate compounds formed in the fermentation of grain are produced by muscle.
Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification aims to be the premier publication for research contributions on process intensification concerning the chemical process industry Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification aims to be the premier publication for research contributions on process intensification concerning the chemical process industry, energy and environmental applications. The journal invites full-length research and succinct current-perspective articles from any branch of chemical engineering. The journal is open to contributions in the following areas, focussing on chemical process intensification:. In partnership with the communities we serve; we redouble our deep commitment to inclusion and diversity within our editorial, author and reviewer networks.
Navigate your business in an increasingly complex world with industry leading research and actionable insights from UL. Explore our press releases and news updates. Delve into detailed press kits for information on our work. Connect with us in person or online, around the globe. As the global safety science leader, UL helps companies to demonstrate safety, enhance sustainability, strengthen security, deliver quality, manage risk and achieve regulatory compliance.
Differentiation means tailoring instruction to meet individual needs. Whether teachers differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. At its most basic level, differentiation consists of the efforts of teachers to respond to variance among learners in the classroom. Whenever a teacher reaches out to an individual or small group to vary his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible, that teacher is differentiating instruction. Teachers can differentiate at least four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile:. Examples of differentiating content at the elementary level include the following:. Examples of differentiating process or activities at the elementary level include the following:.
Some of these factors may include media, social groups, and pressure groups as well. It was attended. Endorsement is used everywhere from the recognition of a product to the recognition of a person. Inseparable with endorsement is the science lying behind. For decades, science has been the unbiased criteria of being.
A by-product or byproduct is a secondary product derived from a production process, manufacturing process or chemical reaction ; it is not the primary product or service being produced. A by-product can be useful and marketable or it can be considered waste: for example, bran , which is a byproduct of the milling of wheat into refined flour , is sometimes composted or burned for disposal, but in other cases, it can be used as a nutritious ingredient in human food or animal feed. Gasoline was once a byproduct of oil refining that later became a desirable commodity as motor fuel. The plastic used in plastic shopping bags also started as a by-product of oil refining. By-products also, by convention, are not inventoried, but the NRV from by-products is typically recognized as "other income", or as a reduction of joint production processing costs when the by-product is produced.
Lean start-ups, in contrast, begin by searching for a business model. They test, revise, and discard hypotheses, continually gathering customer feedback and rapidly iterating on and reengineering their products. This strategy greatly reduces the chances that start-ups will spend a lot of time and money launching products that no one actually will pay for. Blank, a consulting associate professor at Stanford, is one of the architects of the lean start-up movement and has seen this approach help businesses get off the ground quickly and successfully.
Было ужасно жарко. - И вы уверены, что эта женщина - проститутка. - Абсолютно.
Еще немного - и купол шифровалки превратится в огненный ад. Рассудок говорил ей, что надо бежать, но Дэвид мертвой тяжестью не давал ей сдвинуться с места.
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification
Смотрите внимательно, - предупредил Смит. - Халохот - профессионал. Это его первый выстрел в публичном месте. Смит был прав. Между деревьев в левой части кадра что-то сверкнуло, и в то же мгновение Танкадо схватился за грудь и потерял равновесие. Камера, подрагивая, словно наехала на него, и кадр не сразу оказался в фокусе.
Это хорошо защищенный почтовый ящик, и мне лишь случайно удалось на него наткнуться. - Он выдержал паузу. - Итак, если Танкадо хотел, чтобы мы обнаружили его почту, зачем ему понадобился секретный адрес. Сьюзан снова задумалась. - Может быть, для того, чтобы вы не заподозрили, что это приманка.
product (the science-dominated process at which we have succeeded in the past), but also in the rapid, cyclical, engineer-dominated process.