File Name: co2 lasers effects and applications .zip
Chemical treatment methods are most often used nowadays for polymer surface modification; however, new technologies are now considered, especially in physical treatment methods, as laser technologies. Infra-red lasers, like CO 2 , appear to be advantageous due to their large beam size, high efficiency, easy operation, use of non-toxic gases and low cost.
- Carbon dioxide laser
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CO 2 Lasers have been available in medicine since the early s and have been used in dentistry for more than 25 years. They are a 10, nm infrared wavelength, which is highly absorbed by water.
Carbon dioxide laser
The 55 Watt Lasersonic laser is used in several surgical specialties. The CO2 Laser is used with a handpiece, surgical laparoscope or with attachments for an operating microscope. Many minimally invasive intra-abdominal procedures and microscopic surgical approaches benefit from this technology. The watt Holmium Laser is used in surgical procedures requiring incision and vaporization of soft tissue or for the fragmentation of urinary stones located in the bladder, ureter, and ureteropelvic junction of the kidney. With this application, larger prostates are safely and effectively treated with immediate relief of symptoms and fewer side effects, than with traditional methods.
The carbon dioxide laser CO 2 laser was one of the earliest gas lasers to be developed. It was invented by Kumar Patel of Bell Labs in ,  and is still one of the most useful types of laser. Carbon dioxide lasers are the highest-power continuous wave lasers that are currently available. The CO 2 laser produces a beam of infrared light with the principal wavelength bands centering on 9. The specific proportions vary according to the particular laser.
co2 laser physics pdf
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SmartXide2 corrects skin imperfections and counteracts the effects of aging, such as wrinkles and flabbiness, by exerting a unique action on the tissues with effective stimulation of neocollagenesis. It is also ideal for areas hitherto considered untreatable such as the The SmartXide2 unique features and power allows for the creation of fractional laser pulses with variable durations and peak powers, something completely new in CO2 laser technology. The benefits for physicians and patients are evident: it is no The combined and simultaneous action of RF The high peak power emitted in the first part of the pulse releases a great amount of energy very rapidly and causes immediate ablation of the epidermis and the topmost skin layers, less rich in water. Thermal effect.
CO2 Lasers: Effects and Applications examines and summarizes the important applications of the device in different areas of study like physics, chemistry, and engineering. In some parts of the book, the reader is assumed to be knowledgeable in university level mathematics or some specialized area in physics or chemistry. The book consists of 10 chapters where the first two establish the general concepts on lasers and CO2 lasers, respectively. Chapter 3 takes the reader further and presents a comprehensive review of optical components for use such as detectors, windows, and mirrors. Because the CO2 laser is mostly used as a heat source, the theory of laser-surface heating is relevant in the discussion. This theory is presented in Chapter 4. Chapters 5 and 6 meanwhile present a summary of observations on cutting, welding, and some related topics.
PDF | The aim of this article is to describe the carbon dioxide laser and to ing materials rn industrial applications which have an adverse effect on the out-.
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CO2 Lasers: Effects and Applications examines and summarizes the important applications of the device in different areas of study like physics, chemistry, and engineering. In some parts of the book, the reader is assumed to be knowledgeable in university level mathematics or some specialized area in physics or chemistry. The book consists of 10 chapters where the first two establish the general concepts on lasers and CO2 lasers, respectively. Chapter 3 takes the reader further and presents a comprehensive review of optical components for use such as detectors, windows, and mirrors.
Technical & Application Articles
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