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- The Jungle Book (text)
- The Jungle Book Rudyard Kipling
- Contrapuntal Reading of Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book.pdf
- (PDF) The Art of The Jungle Book Best eBook
The Jungle Book (text)
Most of the characters are animals such as Shere Khan the tiger and Baloo the bear, though a principal character is the boy or "man-cub" Mowgli , who is raised in the jungle by wolves. The stories are set in a forest in India ; one place mentioned repeatedly is "Seonee" Seoni , in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. A major theme in the book is abandonment followed by fostering, as in the life of Mowgli, echoing Kipling's own childhood.
The theme is echoed in the triumph of protagonists including Rikki-Tikki-Tavi and The White Seal over their enemies, as well as Mowgli's. Another important theme is of law and freedom; the stories are not about animal behaviour , still less about the Darwinian struggle for survival, but about human archetypes in animal form.
They teach respect for authority, obedience, and knowing one's place in society with "the law of the jungle", but the stories also illustrate the freedom to move between different worlds, such as when Mowgli moves between the jungle and the village. Critics have also noted the essential wildness and lawless energies in the stories, reflecting the irresponsible side of human nature.
The Jungle Book has remained popular, partly through its many adaptations for film and other media. Critics such as Swati Singh have noted that even critics wary of Kipling for his supposed imperialism have admired the power of his storytelling. The stories were first published in magazines in — The original publications contain illustrations, some by the author's father, John Lockwood Kipling. Rudyard Kipling was born in India and spent the first six years of his childhood there.
After about ten years in England, he went back to India and worked there for about six and a half years. These stories were written when Kipling lived in Naulakha , the home he built in Dummerston , Vermont , in the United States. The tales in the book as well as those in The Second Jungle Book , which followed in and includes five further stories about Mowgli are fables , using animals in an anthropomorphic manner to teach moral lessons.
The verses of "The Law of the Jungle", for example, lay down rules for the safety of individuals, families, and communities. Kipling put in them nearly everything he knew or "heard or dreamed about the Indian jungle". The stories in The Jungle Book were inspired in part by the ancient Indian fable texts such as the Panchatantra and the Jataka tales. The idea of beast-tales seems to me new in that it is a most ancient and long forgotten idea.
The really fascinating tales are those that the Bodhisat tells of his previous incarnations ending always with the beautiful moral. Most of the native hunters in India today think pretty much along the lines of an animal's brain and I have "cribbed" freely from their tales. In a letter written and signed by Kipling in or around , states Alison Flood in The Guardian , Kipling confesses to borrowing ideas and stories in the Jungle Book : "I am afraid that all that code in its outlines has been manufactured to meet 'the necessities of the case': though a little of it is bodily taken from Southern Esquimaux rules for the division of spoils," Kipling wrote in the letter.
Kipling lived in India as a child, and most of the stories [a] are evidently set there, though it is not entirely clear where.
The Kipling Society notes that "Seonee" Seoni , in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is mentioned several times; that the "cold lairs" must be in the jungled hills of Chittorgarh ; and that the first Mowgli story, "In the Rukh", is set in a forest reserve somewhere in northern India, south of Simla. This is drier than a monsoon climate and does not support tropical rainforest. The book is arranged with a story in each chapter. Each story is followed by a poem that serves as an epigram.
The early editions were illustrated with drawings in the text by John Lockwood Kipling Rudyard's father , and the American artists W.
Drake and Paul Frenzeny. The book has appeared in over print editions,  and over audiobooks. Critics such as Harry Ricketts have observed that Kipling returns repeatedly to the theme of the abandoned and fostered child, recalling his own childhood feelings of abandonment. In his view, the enemy, Shere Khan, represents the "malevolent would-be foster-parent" who Mowgli in the end outwits and destroys, just as Kipling as a boy had to face Mrs Holloway in place of his parents.
Ricketts writes that in "Mowgli's Brothers", the hero loses his human parents at the outset, and his wolf fosterers at the conclusion; and Mowgli is again rejected at the end of "Tiger! In Ricketts's view, the power that Mowgli has over all these characters who compete for his affection is part of the book's appeal to children. The novelist Marghanita Laski argued that the purpose of the stories was not to teach about animals but to create human archetypes through the animal characters, with lessons of respect for authority.
She noted that Kipling was a friend of the founder of the Scout Movement , Robert Baden-Powell , who based the junior scout "Wolf Cubs" on the stories, and that Kipling admired the movement. Part of this, Ricketts supposed, was Mrs Holloway's evangelicalism, suitably transformed. The rules required obedience and "knowing your place", but also provided social relationships and "freedom to move between different worlds".
The novelist and critic Angus Wilson noted that Kipling's law of the jungle was "far from Darwinian ", since no attacks were allowed at the water-hole, even in drought.
In Wilson's view, the popularity of the Mowgli stories is thus not literary but moral : the animals can follow the law easily, but Mowgli has human joys and sorrows, and the burden of making decisions.
The academic Jan Montefiore commented on the book's balance of law and freedom that "You don't need to invoke Jacqueline Rose on the adult's dream of the child's innocence or Perry Nodelman's theory of children's literature colonising its readers' minds with a double fantasy of the child as both noble savage and embryo good citizen, to see that the Jungle Books..
Sayan Mukherjee, writing for the Book Review Circle, calls The Jungle Book "One of the most enjoyable books of my childhood and even in adulthood, highly informative as to the outlook of the British on their 'native population'. The academic Jopi Nyman argued in that the book formed part of the construction of " colonial English national identity"  within Kipling's " imperial project ".
Swati Singh, in his Secret History of the Jungle Book , notes that the tone is like that of Indian folklore, fable-like, and that critics have speculated that the Kipling may have heard similar stories from his Hindu bearer and his Portuguese ayah nanny during his childhood in India. Singh observes, too, that Kipling wove "magic and fantasy" into the stories for his daughter Josephine, and that even critics reading Kipling for signs of imperialism could not help admiring the power of his storytelling.
The Jungle Book came to be used as a motivational book by the Cub Scouts , a junior element of the Scouting movement. This use of the book's universe was approved by Kipling at the request of Robert Baden-Powell , founder of the Scouting movement, who had originally asked for the author's permission for the use of the Memory Game from Kim in his scheme to develop the morale and fitness of working-class youths in cities.
Akela , the head wolf in The Jungle Book , has become a senior figure in the movement; the name is traditionally adopted by the leader of each Cub Scout pack. The Jungle Book has been adapted many times in a wide variety of media. In literature, Robert Heinlein wrote the Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel, Stranger in a Strange Land , when his wife, Virginia , suggested a new version of The Jungle Book , but with a child raised by Martians instead of wolves.
It follows a baby boy who is found and brought up by the dead in a cemetery. It has many scenes that can be traced to Kipling, but with Gaiman's dark twist. It consists of quotations from the book, set as choral pieces and solos for soprano, tenor or baritone. The music was by John Mayer. The book's text has been adapted for younger readers with comic book adaptations such as DC Comics Elseworlds ' story, " Superman: The Feral Man of Steel ", in which an infant Superman is raised by wolves, while Bagheera, Akela, and Shere Khan make appearances.
Stuart Paterson wrote a stage adaptation in , first produced by the Birmingham Old Rep in and published in by Nick Hern Books. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see The Jungle Book disambiguation. Embossed cover of first edition with artwork by John Lockwood Kipling. Main article: List of The Jungle Book characters. Further information: The Jungle Book disambiguation. Children's literature portal. Secret History of the Jungle Book.
The Real Press. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 30 October A strong influence from Kipling's Jungle Book remains today. Bhaskara Rudyard Kipling's India. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. BBC New. Retrieved 26 February Fddbek, Ole; Thomson, Niels eds. Feitskrifi til Kristof Glamann in Danish. Odense, Denmark: Odense Universitetsforlag. Cosmopolitan Animals. Palgrave Macmillan.
Manchester University Press. Thomas Penney ed. The Letters of Rudyard Kipling: Volume 2: The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May The Kipling Society. Retrieved 14 December September Kipling Journal. Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 15 December DNA India. Retrieved 18 May The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 December Victoria and Albert Museum.
Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 20 December Kipling Society. Kipling - The Glass, the Shadow and the Fire. Jonathan Cape. Sidgwick and Jackson.
The Jungle Book Rudyard Kipling
Children will adore this wonderfully imaginative and creative play based on the famous stories of Rudyard Kipling. Mowgli is a jungle boy raised by wolves. He lives in the bush with his good friends Baloo, the bear, Bagheera, the panther and Kaa, the python snake. His mortal enemy is Shere Khan, a man-eating tiger. This charming storyteller theatre favorite even contains a small message about the importance of ecology. Different versions of the same or similar story:.
This is The Jungle Book Story. The story is about a man-baby who was found in the jungle by Bagheera the panther. Bagheera carried the baby to his friends, the wolves. The wolves raised the baby as their own. They named him Mowgli. Mowgli learned to take care of himself in the jungle, but Bagheera the panther was always nearby.
Contrapuntal Reading of Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book.pdf
Now licensing into In this living storybook, Mowgli struggles to fit in with the wolves, the monkeys, and even the humans on his journey to discover where he belongs. Masks, puppets, and contemporary elements, like a trip to the Starbucks in the cell-phone-obsessed city, make this new adaptation of The Jungle Book a unique and delightful one. Click here for the Original Version! We open with Baloo the bear welcoming the audience to the Jungle Book via prologue.
He is a feral boy from the Pench area in Seoni , Madhya Pradesh , India , who originally appeared in Kipling's short story "In the Rukh" collected in Many Inventions , and then became the most prominent and arguably the most memorable character in the collections The Jungle Book and The Second Jungle Book — , which also featured stories about other characters. In the stories, the name Mowgli is said to mean "frog", describing his lack of fur. Kipling made up the name, and it "does not mean 'frog' in any language that I know of.
The Jungle Book is the story of a child, Mowgli, who strayed away from his village. Mowgli attacked by a tiger by the name of Shere Khan. But he is saved and adopted by wolves and raised in an Indian jungle.
(PDF) The Art of The Jungle Book Best eBook
Search this site. The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling Synopsis: Among the most popular children's books ever written, The Jungle Book comprises a series of stories about Mowgli, a boy raised in the jungle by a family of wolves after a tiger has attacked and driven off his parents. Threatened throughout much of his young life by the dreaded tiger Shere Khan, Mowgli is protected by his adoptive family and learns the lore of the jungle from Baloo, a sleepy brown bear, and Bagheera, the black panther. Subtle lessons in justice, loyalty, and tribal law pervade these imaginative tales, recounted by a master storyteller with a special talent for entertaining audiences of all ages. Included are such tales as Rikki-tikki-tavi, a story about a brave mongoose and his battle with the deadly cobra Nag; Mowgli's abduction by the monkey people; and Toomai of the Elephants, in which a young boy witnesses a secret ritual and is honored by his tribesmen.
На черном поле светилось небольшое желтое окно, на котором виднелись две строчки: ВРЕМЯ ПОИСКА: 15:09:33 ИСКОМЫЙ ШИФР: Сьюзан недоуменно смотрела на экран. Получалось, что ТРАНСТЕКСТ трудится над шифром больше пятнадцати часов. Она хорошо знала, что процессор перебирает тридцать миллионов паролей в секунду - сто миллиардов в час. Если ТРАНСТЕКСТ до сих пор не дал ответа, значит, пароль насчитывает не менее десяти миллиардов знаков. Полнейшее безумие. - Это невозможно! - воскликнула она .
Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling. Book Cover Category, Text. EBook-No.
Почему. Сьюзан охватила паника. Она быстро проверила отчет программы в поисках команды, которая могла отозвать Следопыта, но ничего не обнаружила.
Сиди себе в заднем салоне и докуривай окурки. Хорошенькая картинка. Беккер застонал и провел рукой по волосам. - Когда он вылетает. - В два часа ночи по воскресеньям.
Севильский собор, подобно всем великим соборам Европы, в основании имеет форму креста. Святилище и алтарь расположены над центром и смотрят вниз, на главный алтарь. Деревянные скамьи заполняют вертикальную ось, растянувшись на сто с лишним метров, отделяющих алтарь от основания креста.
Стрелка топливного индикатора указывала на ноль.
Она взглянула на скоростное печатное устройство позади письменного стола шефа. В нем ничего не. - Сьюзан, - тихо сказал Стратмор, - с этим сначала будет трудно свыкнуться, но все же послушай меня хоть минутку. - Он прикусил губу. - Шифр, над которым работает ТРАНСТЕКСТ, уникален.
Стратмору, разумеется, это было хорошо известно, но даже когда Сьюзан порывалась уйти через главный выход, он не обмолвился об этом ни единым словом. Он не мог пока ее отпустить - время еще не пришло. И размышлял о том, что должен ей сказать, чтобы убедить остаться. Сьюзан кинулась мимо Стратмора к задней стене и принялась отчаянно нажимать на клавиши.
Поэтому такая перспектива даже не обсуждалась. Сьюзан старалась сохранять самообладание. Мысли ее по-прежнему возвращались к сотруднику лаборатории систем безопасности, распластавшемуся на генераторах. Она снова прошлась по кнопкам. Они не реагировали.
ГЛАВА 21 Голос американца, звонившего Нуматаке по прямой линии, казался взволнованным: - Мистер Нуматака, в моем распоряжении не больше минуты. - Хорошо.